Cannabis is a powerful herb historically found in many medications for its capabilities in treating a myriad of conditions and diseases.
The cannabis plant has 3 main sub-species: Sativa, Indica & Ruderalis; the latter more commonly referred to as hemp. Though the legal status of cannabis changed dramatically in the early 1900’s to a prohibited substance due to its relation to Cannabis Sativa/Indica, at one point in time the plant was so accepted in Western society that there were penalties in place for not growing hemp, which, somewhat ironically, was the first government subsidized crop in Eastern Canada.
The main difference between the subspecies of cannabis is the presence of THC, the psychoactive compound responsible for making users feel high or stoned. Cannabis Sativa and Indica naturally have high levels of this specific cannabinoid, where Ruderalis has almost none. On the flip side, Ruderalis has naturally high levels of Cannabidiol, or CBD, a medicinal non-psychoactive compound, where Sativa and Indica both have much less. Though scientists across the globe have identified over eighty-five other compounds in the cannabis plant, we are still researching how those compounds affect the human experience through our Endocannabinoid System.
There is documentation proving Cannabis Sativa use in early China as treatment for blood clots, tapeworms and even use as an anesthetic. Touted for its industrial capabilities, Cannabis Ruderalis fibres have long been used to create textiles, fuel, pulp & more. Ancient Egyptian scrolls show its ability to treat inflammation, and early America commonly prescribed it in tincture form for the treatment of epilepsy, rabies & even morning sickness!
We hope you enjoyed our brief introduction to and history lesson on cannabis!
The B+F Team