Category: Pets

Plant Based CBD Wellness Products
CBD is proven to be a safe, natural alternative to veterinary medications in the treatment of a variety of illnesses. The research continues, the findings continue to impress. As a result, the delivery of CBD treatments for pets, steadily increasing.

A large-scale study of US veterinarians found considerable support for the use of CBD products in animals, with more than 70% of vets stating that CBD has helped dogs with pain, anxiety, epilepsy, and phobias (such as fear of storms or fireworks).Innumerable studies, such as one by Gamble et al. for the Journal of Frontiers in Veterinary Science, have found that CBD is an effective treatment option for osteoarthritic dogs.

Category: Pets

CBD & Pets
Looking to put your dog on a CBD regimen but don't know where to start or what product or dosage is best for them? No worries, we are happy to help!

There are currently no documented negative side effects for dogs taking CBD, despite the fact that research into utilizing CBD for animals is still in its early stages and only a small percentage of the possibly curable disorders has been professionally evaluated. If your dog is presently on prescription meds, it's still a good idea to keep an eye on them to ensure that the CBD oil and the pharmaceuticals they're taking don't interact negatively. Still, we recommend talking with your veterinarian before starting any CBD regimen for your cat.

While clinical investigations are currently sparse, testimonial evidence is abundant. Based on the results they've observed in their own dogs, CBD consumers appear to swear by it. Look through the reviews on all of our pet products for those success stories.
Information about CBD

CBD & Pets

Benefits of CBD for Pets

Types of  CBD for Pets

Forms of CBD for Pets

CBD Dosage for Pets

Pet CBD Ideas

Pet CBD FAQ

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FAQ
Top 10 things to consider regarding CBD for Pets

When looking for CBD products for your pets, you should think about the reliability of your source of information, the reputation of the brand, the product's strength, the ingredients, and the administration route or delivery mechanism you will choose. When it comes to giving CBD to your pet, for example, you can use CBD capsules, CBD oil droppers, CBD tinctures, or CBD-infused edibles like biscuits and crackers.

10 Nano Technology

We are starting to see nano-beverages more frequently on the market, including nano-CBD beverage powders, which can be added into a water bowl for an extra-hydrating and calming summer treat. 

9 Read the labels carefully

As a general guideline, look for CBD products that are marketed particularly for pets. This ensures that the goods do not include any potentially harmful sweets or chocolate that could negatively affect your cat or dog. It's also important to make sure the product you pick doesn't have a lot of THC in it, if any at all, as this might make your pet confused and scared, especially if ingested in big amounts. If new to using CBD for pets, start by sourcing products that are made using CBD isolate.

8 Which form of CBD should I choose for my pets?

If you have access to a certificate of analysis, read through it to verify that it is up to current and that it contains the findings of potency and contaminant testing. The COA should state the quantity of CBD in the product as well as whether it is THC-free. It should also demonstrate that the product has passed pesticide, heavy metal, and mould testing, all of which are potentially hazardous to pets.

Many end-users don’t have the channels to access this information directly from the producers. Opt instead to heed the advice of your veterinarians, fellow pet lovers and the recommendations from sites who represent brands they have come to know and trust. Always read the labels on your products, and keep the formulations contained in the packaging that they come in and out of reach from your pets. We have all heard stories of children who have mistakenly snacked on adult-gummies. Try to prevent Max and Precious from doing the same.

In terms of deciding on which form or type of CBD to select, again, familiarize yourself with the different benefits of each option by reading through our literature on types and forms of CBD for pets. Compare these benefits to the ailments from which your pet is suffering and then, make an informed decision. CBD isolate is gaining popularity as the preferred type of CBD for our four-legged friends.


7 Should I experiment with a few different forms of CBD for my pet?

Part of this discovery process may also include the two of you experimenting with a range of delivery mechanisms. For muscle tension for example, you may opt for a topical, to massage into pooch’s aching hind quarters. For ongoing sleeplessness or anxiety, perhaps the addition of a few drops of salmon flavoured tinctures to your cat’s fancy feasts may be the route to take.

Start slow and low with the dosing, regularly monitor the effects and share your findings. Word of mouth at the dog run is a great way to exchange stories on behalf of our pets who to our knowledge, won’t be sharing their preferences with us verbally, any time soon.

6 Are CBD products available for pets without a prescription from a veterinarian?

While a veterinarian may personally advocate for CBD (and even use it themselves), they may still not be willing to prescribe it to your pets. Fortunately there is a growing number of incredibly formulated products available on the market today, some even crafted in flavours such as salmon and bacon, yes, bacon.

These tinctures are so delicious it may be hard for you to wrap your head around the idea of sharing your snacks with your dog. Read further to uncover the quick list and the more detailed descriptions of the benefits of CBD for pets. Embrace that the time is now to listen to your pets, to grab the CBD from the cupboard, to provide your ‘better half’ with the same level of care you would yourself.

5 Where can I find CBD recipes suitable for pets?

There are recipes galore online or available anecdotally, as an increasing number of pet owners are choosing homemade treats for the furry friends. Making treats for your pet at home is a great way to manage the CBD dosing schedule, and to ensure that the treats are made with quality ingredients.


4 How will I know if my pet is responding well to a CBD remedy?

It may take some time for CBD oil to build up in the body and begin to perform its magic. The idea is to give your dog a regular dose over time, along with some careful observation to determine if CBD is making a difference in his everyday life.

For longer term, daily use, look into options that can be easily added in at meal times, to either liquid or solid foods. There are a variety of CBD tinctures and CBD oil droppers with easy to use measuring instructions to help to inform the dosing schedule suitable for your pet.

For more immediate relief of sudden onset symptoms, such as muscle or joint pain, a CBD topical may be a good choice, and this can be applied dermally to your pet’s affected area, similarly to how you would apply a lotion or balm to yourself. Be careful to avoid sensitive areas including around the eyes, ears and mouth.

3 Monitor your pets closely

As you would do with any supplements added to a human’s dietary program, it is important to monitor the effects regularly and over time. It is ok to increase the dose if your pet is responding well, but don’t go overboard, and pay attention to the label recommendations specific to each product. Avoid products containing THC, even at trace levels, as toxicity can exist to pets, even when consumed in small amounts. As a general rule of thumb, it may be safe for you to consume your cat’s CBD tincture, but not necessarily the same for them to consume yours.
The Top 10 Benefits of CBD for my Pets
In exploring the many documented benefits of CBD for pets, it is important to understand the system similarities between ourselves, Fido and Fluffy. Where CBD for pets becomes particularly influential in their well-being, has much to do with the endocannabinoid system. Gain more insight into this complex, regulatory system, in our CBD for Pets FAQ section.

Speak to the companions of your four legged friends the next time you are out and about, or on your neighbourhood chat groups. I would bet you a bag of milkbones that you will come across a success story or two, detailing why CBD is the preferred treatment, what the noticed effects were, and perhaps even a little coercion along the lines of - You HAVE to try this stuff. It’s incredible. But first, dive right into our list of the top 10 benefits of CBD for pets.

What is CBD and how can it help my pet?

The Top 10 Benefits of CBD for Pets

The most exciting part about this list is that it could be longer, and it will likely continue to grow. As scientists continue to explore the use of CBD in pets, more and more linked benefits are reported. This is in addition to the countless anecdotes shared by pet owners the world around, many of whom turned to CBD when at a loss of ideas for how to alleviate some of the suffering their pets were enduring. Here they are - the top 10 benefits of CBD for pets.

10 Anti-anxiety
Have you been noticing your pet has become more anxious as of late? Perhaps we all are, if only a little bit, anyway. Pet anxiety presents itself similarly to human anxiety. It could appear as shortness of breath or excessive panting, scurrying around back and forth, hiding under the covers, or the bed for that matter. You may notice a change to your pet’s behaviour in social settings.

They too may be nervous about returning to more highly populated environments, more frightened by lud, or irregular sounds, or the new dog on the block than they once would have been. Your pet is heading into a new normal as well, and CBD for pets offers solutions calming them down, ones that are neither addictive, nor hard on their systems.

As the world continues to open up, the sounds and encounters that were once commonplace, may now have an unfamiliarity to them. Approaching each day with a greater sense of calm and well-being will certainly support your pet’s ability to navigate these seemingly-new audible and visual territories. Consider a few drops of your choice CBD tincture in their morning meal to have similar effects to a start-of-day meditation, or a series of sun salutes and downward cats...errr, dogs. Downward dogs.

9 Anti-depressant
Is my dog depressed? Is it possible for dogs to even be depressed? Dogs, like people, can experience sadness from time to time. Although dogs may not have the same ability for reasoning as humans, this does not rule out the possibility of depression in them. Though depression in dogs is not the same complex clinical condition as it is in humans, they can certainly suffer from depression- cats too.

There are several reasons that your pet may become depressed. It is important to rule out a physical cause for their abnormal behavior before things get worse. Identifying that there may be a problem is the first step. Depression in pets can be fuelled by physical illness, grief, environmental changes, fear, or even you- yes, you - their guardian and protector. It is important then, and when considering any treatment program to first consult with a veterinarian. If they do find a health problem, follow their recommendations. Next, inquire on any recommendations for a CBD product, the most suitable delivery mechanism and the dosing schedule.

When your pet is depressed, he or she will usually seem melancholy and withdrawn. They may even get disinterested in playing. As a caring pet owner, you'll be glad to discover that if the problem is well- handled, you can truly assist them in achieving a better quality of life. Identifying that there may be a problem is the first step. Finding them a CBD product in a suitable delivery mechanism and dose, the second. It is important with any treatment program to consult with a professional, a veterinarian. Read more about delivery mechanisms in our CBD for Pets FAQ or in the section on CBD Forms.

As in some of the stories you may have heard on the efficacy of treating pet depression with CBD, what is related here has been built on both anecdotal evidence and on the compilation of information from a variety of print and digital sources. Informed decision making is most recommended, especially as a pet owner, and when your beloved companion may not have a much needed tool to tell you directly - a verbal or written dialect you can understand!

8 Anti-inflammatory
CBD oils have proven to be quite beneficial to cats and dogs, particularly those with weakened immune systems. This is due to the fact that these oils have innate anti-inflammatory properties. CBD has been shown to be effective in the treatment of osteoarthritis in dogs in one study. Furthermore, these cannabis compounds have been shown to reduce further inflammation-related harm and arthritic related symptoms.

CBD lowers pro-inflammatory cytokines, inhibits T cell proliferation, promotes T cell death, and inhibits immune cell migration and adhesion, according to clinical trials. Cannabis has been utilised by humans from at least 4000 B.C. To implore it’s benefits for pet ailments is but a natural and somewhat obvious evolution.

Cannabis comes in a variety of forms, including Cannabis sativa. Over 400 distinct chemical components may be found in cannabis sativa. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are two of the most well-known. There is a growing list of products available, designed specifically with pets in mind, that put both THC and CBD to the test as anti-inflammatories.
CBD isolate is proving to be one of the go-to remedies for pet inflammation.

According to a 2016 study on rat joint inflammation, the application of topical CBD gel greatly decreased joint swelling and discomfort. There were also no noticeable adverse effects. Experts think that the findings might have a world of therapeutic implications yet to be discovered. There are numerous interesting studies on this topic.

The anti-inflammatory properties in CBD help to treat cats and dogs suffering from Alzheimer’s, multiple-sclerosis, bowel diseases and cardiovascular diseases. Read more on tinctures for pets in CBD Forms for Pets.


7 Increased appetite/ improved digestive health
CBD helps With nausea and increases appetite in cats and dogs: If you're having problems getting your pet to eat, a CBD isolate treat will assist. CBD, according to the National Cancer Institute, stimulates appetite and promotes gut health in animals. CBD has also been proven in veterinary studeis to aid with vomiting and nausea, even when the cause is from the ingestion of toxins or medications.

If you, as a human, have ever consumed cannabis products, you're well aware that they may give you the "munchies." Though this effect is commonly attributed to its THC content, CBD products with little to no THC, such as CBD isolate (the go-to type for pets), have been known to restore the appetite.

So, if you're considering obtaining CBD oil for your dog for the first time, you might be wondering if he'll have a similar reaction. Will your dog start begging for more food or treats all of a sudden?

If you decide to provide CBD to your dog in the form of CBD snacks or biscuits, don't be shocked if he or she becomes a huge fan.There are a variety of tasty CBD products available, all of which are flavoured to appeal specifically to cats and dogs, with carefully crafted flavours including salmon and bacon- delicious enough for you to eat. Alert: Our CBD pet snacks may soon be in great demand in your home due to their deliciousness.
CBD is an effective antiemetic, reducing nausea and vomiting while simultaneously increasing appetite, according to a large body of research.It appears to do so via activating 5-HT1A receptors, the same receptor that might aid with anxiety reduction.

CBD can dramatically decrease nausea and inhibit the following vomiting reflex by activating this receptor.Long-term activation of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor in the brain has also been shown to aid with nausea and vomiting, according to research.


6 Reduction in aggressive behaviour such as barking and biting
The words ‘Fido- no. Fido, I said no’, will likely be coming out of your mouth less and less if your dog is so lucky to have CBD as a part of their daily nutrition program. Numerous studies have found success in treating dog aggressiveness with CBD tinctures. CBD interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in your dog to provide a soothing effect, encouraging them to chill-out, relax, be kind. Read more about these receptors in our FAQ section.

Findings show that cannabidiol reduces aggression by promoting the activation of two receptors: the 5-HT1A receptor which regulates the neurotransmitter serotonin, and the CB1 receptor, which regulates the actions of endocannabinoids.

Cats, like humans, have an endocannabinoid system that may interact with different cannabinoids to regulate biological activities; studies indicate that CBD oil might be just as helpful for your cat as it is for you. Chances are even those scratch towers will even get a little bit of a break.

5 Promotes homeostasis
The correct functioning of the body is best defined as homeostasis.It occurs when our bodies are in a state of balance, and it guarantees that all of our biological systems are working to their full potential. This is true in pets and humans alike.

This equilibrium, however, can be thrown off at any time, which is when sickness and illness hit.
The endocannabinoid system, which is involved in a wide range of physiological functions, appears to play a vital role in maintaining this equilibrium, according to new study. As a result, experts believe that cannabinoids like CBD can assist promote homeostasis in pets, by activating their endocannabinoid system.

Pet owners choose to include CBD isolates not only as a remedy for a specific illness, but as a daily supplement to promote the quality of life of their pet.

4 Chronic pain and arthritis management
CBD has been shown to be effective in the treatment of osteoarthritis in dogs. Furthermore, CBD products including tinctures and edibles, have been shown to reduce inflammation-related harm and to greatly reduce the suffering associated with chronic pain.

Research published in the European Journal of Pharmacology in 1997 revealed that the endocannabinoid system has a significant role in pain management. CBD is now well-known for its pain-relieving effects and it can assist your pets with pain management in a variety of ways.

To begin with, research has revealed that CBD can temporarily block the absorption of anandamide, a molecule that helps the brain suppress pain signals. An increase in anandamide can have a variety of consequences, one of which is a reduction in the sensations of pain.


If you believe your cat is in discomfort, using CBD oil to help them is a fantastic option. It is safe and effective, with minimal adverse effects, and has even been approved by the World Health Organization (WHO) for use in people and animals. If your pet’s pain is localized, consider applying one of the many CBD topicals available on the market today, much like you’d apply a heating or cooling balm to your own achy muscles, arthritis or joint pain.


3 Anti-convulsant

In a research study focusing on seizures in canines, scientists discovered that 89% of dogs that took CBD in a clinical trial experienced a reduction in frequency and intensity of seizures. CBD's potential to help reduce seizures, tremors, tics, and spasms is perhaps one of its most well-known medical applications.

CBD is a natural anticonvulsant, which explains why. When the tale of Charlotte Figi, a little child with epilepsy, made headlines across the world in 2013, news of CBD's natural anticonvulsant qualities surfaced. Charlotte's last chance for controlling her 300 weekly seizures was a CBD-rich cannabis medication known as Charlotte's Web. Several studies have since shown that CBD is equally as beneficial when used as an anti-convulsant in animals.

Seizures are thought to be produced by the brain's neurons firing rapidly and uncontrollably.
CBD may help restore order to these neurons, enabling them to function correctly and therefore preventing seizures in pets.

2 Deteriorating quality of life

CB1 and CB2 receptors are present throughout the neurological and immune systems, respectively, and CBD stimulates them. CBD has been discovered to assist individuals with Alzheimer's disease, ALS, and Parkinson's disease by preventing degeneration and toxicity in the nervous system.

CBD has been shown to benefit dogs with degenerative myelopathy and other nerve and spine issues. Furthermore, CBD protects brain cells from death due to toxins and free radicals, which is a typical occurrence in elderly dogs.

Dr. Bassingthwaighte observed that giving CBD to your pet improves their cardiovascular system. CBD is helpful in decreasing the damage produced by a blood vessel injury as well as protecting the blood vessel walls from additional harm, according to the findings of numerous research. Furthermore, CBD has the ability to widen the arteries, lowering blood pressure and heart rate as your pet matures and through the latter years of their lives.

1 Cancer and fatty tumours
Cancer and malignant tumours are frequent in pets and can be deadly in many situations.
There is currently no cure for cancer, and therapy focuses on decreasing tumour development while alleviating pain and other symptoms.

Chemotherapy is the most frequent treatment for cancer and tumours in dogs and cats. However, current study suggests that cannabinoids such as CBD may also have anticancer properties.

CBD and other chemicals present in cannabis have been shown to help stop cancers from spreading. CBD, for example, has been shown to inhibit the development and invasion of cancer cells as well as raise the mortality rate of malignant cells while having no detectable effect on healthy cells. CBD kills malignant cells through a variety of methods.

To begin with, it aids the immune system's killer cells in initiating the death of the cells in question. Second, CBD destroys cancer cells by interfering with their energy generation mechanism. Finally, its anti-cancer properties can stop and halt uncontrolled cell proliferation. Pets may get cancer, too, and there are several anecdotal accounts demonstrating CBD's usefulness in treating this terrible disease in our beloved pets.

Full Spectrum Vs. Broad Spectrum Vs. Isolate CBD Vs. Nano
What is the difference between full spectrum-, broad spectrum-, isolate- and nano- CBD?

There are several different types of CBD available for use in pets, and understanding the differences between them will be helpful in selecting which one is right for you and your favourite companion(s). Our site features many carefully curated varieties of each form. Be sure to check out the Natuur signature line of tinctures available in formulations for even the most discerning of felines and canines.

You may have come across terms such as full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, isolate and even nano in your research. While these three types of products may sound similar, they’re actually worlds apart from each other. Here we will attempt to ascertain what they all mean.

What are the top 4 most common types of CBD for pets?

4 What is full-spectrum CBD?

Full-spectrum extracts contain all phytochemicals found naturally in the plant, including CBD, trace cannabinoids, terpenes, and essential oils. THC concentration in full-spectrum extracts is likewise very low - typically less than 0.3 percent (0.3%). While some studies show that CBD can be useful on its own, others believe that CBD's medicinal benefits are enhanced when coupled with other cannabis components. THC, which should only be present in full-spectrum products, may enhance CBD's anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties.

Each individual cannabinoid's health advantages are thus considered to be amplified by the complete spectrum of active chemicals derived from the cannabis plant. The ‘entourage effect’ - the name given to this occurrence, is one we will be discussing later.

So far, the US FDA has authorised a cannabis-derived full-spectrum CBD medicine, a prescription treatment intended to treat some of the most severe types of epilepsy, and other seizure-causing conditions.

While there is growing, solid scientific evidence pointing to other specific health conditions that full-spectrum CBD may help treat, research suggests that it has potential for treating anxiety, panic, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder in some people, in addition to acting as an anti-inflammatory. This is where broad-spectrum CBD comes into play.



3 What is broad-spectrum CBD?

Except for THC, which is entirely eliminated after the first extraction, broad-spectrum CBD comprises cannabidiol,cannabichromene, terpenes and all other chemicals found in the plant. Broad-spectrum extracts also provide the "entourage effect," but without the THC, because they include several cannabinoids.

Because broad-spectrum oil contains all of the beneficial chemicals found in the full-spectrum comparable, it may have a significant favourable impact on neurologic issues and help to relax the mind. When a dozen different cannabinoids act together in synergy, the plant's medicinal qualities are maximised. THC is not included in most broad spectrum CBD products. On rare occasions, however, items may contain trace quantities.

Broad-spectrum CBD, to put it simply, is a cross between full-spectrum CBD and CBD isolate. With the exception of THC, it includes the full range of cannabinoids. Broad-spectrum CBD has been shown to carry similar health benefits to full-spectrum CBD, and is often selected as an antibiotic, anti-seizure and anti-inflammatory agent.

THC is not included in most broad spectrum CBD products. On rare occasions, however, items may contain trace quantities. People who wish to avoid THC, for reasons including it’s psychoactive effects, may opt for broad spectrum CBD, as even little quantities of full spectrum CBD can show up on a drug test, not that your hound is up for a drug screen any time soon.


2 What is CBD isolate?

CBD isolate is the purest form of the compound, created by extracting it from its natural surroundings and separating it from all other components. The greatest concentration of CBD per serving is one of the benefits of CBD isolate over other forms of CBD. Isolates are typically 99 percent pure, with around 990 milligrammes of CBD per gramme of isolate powder.

Unlike full-spectrum CBD products, CBD isolate does not contain any THC — the psychoactive component of cannabis. Most other CBD products contain at least a small percentage of THC.Following the mainstreaming of cannabidiol (CBD) products, there's now a tempting alternative for people who wish to experience CBD's potential therapeutic advantages without even a trace of THC. CBD isolates are one of the most unique and flexible forms of CBD on the market, while perhaps not receiving the same level of attention as other forms of CBD or CBD infused products.

These products have been processed to extract solely the CBD molecule, with no other cannabinoids or terpenes, as you might have inferred from the name. Because the CBD potency is generally higher than full spectrum, just a modest dose is advised until you are comfortable with the effects and noticing the benefits.

However, there is no entourage effect – you can just profit from the benefits of cannabidiol itself, which is why such products are less expensive and in lesser demand than full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD, according to Augustine Hanger of Colorado-based CBD producer IHF.

1 What is Nano CBD?

Nanotechnology is a bit of a newcomer to the stage, at least in relation to the cannabis sector, though it is poised to become one of the hottest topics in the world of CBD for pets. Let us first take a closer look at what the heck nanotechnology is, so we can develop a clearer idea of how it relates to CBD, cats and dogs.

Nanotechnology encompasses several different processes, each of which is describing a progressive reduction in particle size: macroemulsions, microemulsions and nanoemulsions. The macro and microemulsions in the food, chemical and pesticidal industries are common, but they are relatively new phenomena with their nanoemulsions (particle quantification size from 20 to 200 nm). They are used in the cannabis, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries in particular and are attractive to the cannabis sector because of their positive influence on bioavailability and of their inherent fast-acting effects.

The cannabis industry has been focused primarily on nanotechnology, as in the world of cannabinoids, this technology resolves two challenges: bioavailability and water solubility. Cannabinoids are naturally hydrophobic, meaning they are not absorbed efficiently by the human body. Nanoemulsion reduces particle size, improves absorption and water solubility to circumvent this concern.

Cannabis products that are infused with nanoemulsion are becoming increasingly popular and have numerous advantages over traditional edibles. They are also activated faster, have a higher efficacy rate and produce more consistent results, which make quantity and dosing schedules more reliable.

Aside from increasing the rate of cannabinoid absorption, nanoemulsion has also been shown to reduce the amount of time required for absorption. One study discovered that cannabis products infused with CBD nanoemulsion reached maximum blood concentrations of cannabinoids three times faster than those that did not. Several studies go higher- they suggest a speed of activation between five to eight times faster. If you are looking specifically for a fast- acting, product with maximum bioavailability for your pet, nano CBD may be your best bet.


Which type of CBD should I choose for my pets?

If you have access to a certificate of analysis, read through it to verify that it is up to current and that it contains the findings of potency and contaminant testing. The COA should state the quantity of CBD in the product as well as whether it is THC-free. It should also demonstrate that the product has passed pesticide, heavy metal, and mould testing, all of which are potentially hazardous to pets.

Many end-users don’t have the channels to access this information directly from the producers. Opt instead to heed the advice of your veterinarians, fellow pet lovers and the recommendations from sites who represent brands they have come to know and trust. Always read the labels on your products, and keep the formulations contained in the packaging that they come in and out of reach from your pets. We have all heard stories of children who have mistakenly snacked on adult-gummies. Try to prevent Max and Precious from doing the same.

In terms of deciding on which form of CBD to select, again, familiarize yourself with the different benefits of each option. Compare these benefits to the ailments from which your pet is suffering and then, make an informed decision.

The Top 5 Forms of CBD for Pets

What are the different forms of CBD available for pets?

You may also see these referred to as delivery mechanisms, which we cover in more detail in the Q+A section for pets. Cannabinoids appear to be useful for a variety of pet ailments, including pain, inflammation, epilepsy, sleep difficulties, loss of appetite, anxiety, and other illnesses, according to a growing body of data. As a result, the conversion of cannabis from natural medicines to highly controlled prescription medications is accelerating. The selection of product types is growing concurrently. Here we go into detail of the top five (5) most popular types or delivery mechanisms specifically CBD for pets.


The top five (5) most popular forms of CBD for pets are:

5 Oils and Tinctures
CBD oils have grown in popularity as a result of the numerous medical and therapeutic benefits it offers without having any euphoric effects.This is why CBD oil is regarded as the ideal cannabinoid for giving to your pet, for immediate relief from pain, inflammation, anxiety, and other illnesses while without causing you to become ‘high.'

People all around the world are becoming more aware of the advantages of CBD tinctures, as the mode of administration has a huge impact on how the substance functions, and each delivery mechanism has its own set of benefits and drawbacks.

We'll look at these two administrations- oils and tinctures (often grouped into the same category) and we’ll begin to discover which could work best for your pet. CBD oil is extracted from the seeds, flowers, and stalks of the hemp plant using an extraction method. CBD oil is the most powerful and costly of all CBD formulations. Aside from cannabis, fatty acids, protein, vital vitamins, and minerals may also be found. People are increasingly integrating CBD into food and drink recipes for their furry friends as a more natural means of consumption.

CBD appears to have a beneficial effect on the endocannabinoid system, according to research. Due to the oil's high potency, just two or three teaspoons are required for the entire day. However, one's body weight, objectives, and other factors might help determine how much CBD to administer to your pet.

CBD oils are made up of base oils and carrier oils. These base oils are responsible for diluting CBD, making it simpler to absorb by the body. These oils are generally a combination of:Hemp seed oil, coconut oil, MCT oil, vegetable glycerin foundation, and hemp seed oil.

CBD tinctures are any medicine maintained in an alcohol arrangement is referred to as a tincture. CBD tinctures are not the same as CBD oil, despite the fact that both are produced primarily from hemp.

CBD is suspended in a solution of 60–70% distilled alcohol. These tinctures are essentially hemp extracts (in liquid form) mixed with alcohol, glycerin, and/or a carrier oil. Tinctures can be taken sublingually in the same way that CBD oil is. CBD tinctures, unlike CBD oil, have a low concentration of CBD. Tinctures have a lengthy shelf life, and dosing recommendations differ from one pet to the next, with quantity and schedule often influenced by their weight as well as their ailments.


4 Edibles

Cannabidiol (CBD) is well-known among humans, and by now I bet you are aware that it's also available for dogs and cats? CBD is increasingly being offered in formulations designed particularly for pets, including dogs and cats, and by a growing number of companies. CBD has been shown to have positive benefits on animals, much like it does in people. See our list of the top 10 benefits of CBD for pets for more information. One of the preferred delivery mechanisms for pets come as CBD edibles- these include everything from biscuits, to jerky inspired chewy treats, to pet gummies.

The dosing may be a little less clear with edibles, particularly if you choose not to give the whole treat to your pet. This is because of how the CBD may be distributed throughout the biscuit, for example. Or let’s say you have opted for a gummy that contains X amount of CBD. Unless you give that whole gummy to your pet, it may be tricky to ensure how much CBD is in the piece you have cut off. One of the pluses of edibles however, is that dogs love them, and they have added benefits when used to start to reward good behaviour while at the same time calming down your hound.

3 Capsules and soft gels

The finest CBD Capsules include the same high-quality CBD extracts that are found in other forms of CBD; the difference is that instead of being a tincture, treat, or chew, it's now in and easy to swallow/hide-in-the-food pill form. The delivery mechanism you decide on may be determined by the technique through which your pet prefers to confirm their CBD.

The Full Spectrum CBD Oil and CBD isolate capsules and soft gels allow for accurate dosage and are are ideal for pets that don't enjoy the taste of oils and or for those who want a higher concentration of CBD than many CBD edibles currently offer.

Every human, and every pet, is different and unique. This implies that each animal has a unique CBD dose prescription. Your pet's size, age, personality, and breed all play a role. In addition, there are CBD capsules available for pets made from each of the four (4) types of CBD - full spectrum, broad-spectrum, isolate and nano, so be sure to read up on the differences between these, as well as on the entourage effect and bioavailability to help to guide you towards the optimum CBD capsules for your pets. And as always, follow the dosing recommendations and monitor the effects.


2 Topicals

CBD for pets have a number of advantages, many of which are comparable to those that CBD has for humans. You've come to the correct place if you're considering CBD skincare and topical applications. In fact, topical CBD for pets can effectively treat skin conditions and injuries with ease. Topical CBD can cure skin-specific problems and works to reduce chronic joint pain and symptoms of inflammation. In addition, topicals are for the most part, easy to apply.

So, how can CBD aid in the treatment of skin conditions? CBD oil, for example, includes fatty acids that reduce inflammation and stimulate the development of new cells. CBD's anti-inflammatory qualities also make it a viable treatment option for a variety of other irritations, including scrapes, rashes, dry or itchy skin, hot spots, and more. Both CBD and other chemicals often found in topicals have antibacterial properties that help to prevent and treat infections.

One of the other reasons to opt for topicals, if suited to the ailment in consideration, is for their ease of application. Applying CBD directly to problem areas rather than trying to disguise it in the meals of picky eaters, may make the whole process less stressful for both you and your pet.

If you're curious about how topicals perform on different types of fur or if they're ‘lick safe’, be sure to read the product descriptions and suggested applications of any lotions, balms or ointments you are debating between for your pet. Ensure that whichever product you choose is, of course, pet-safe and validated by third-party labs if available.


1 Beverages and CBD powders

For man's best friend, there is a premium range of CBD-infused beverages and CBD powders available on the market today, and more in development, particularly as nano-technology continues to make waves in the world of CBD and pets. Formulations for pet beverages are turning up consistently as high-end and easy-to use.

This form of CBD delivery for pets may help them to achieve better health, wellbeing, digestion, and pain relief. Unique formulas are based on research, flavour preferences, testing, and top-notch ingredients that might help offer pets with the care and relief they require for a better and healthier quality of life, all in a cool and refreshing ‘happy pet hour’ drink.

Hydrating CBD beverages for pets are easy to administer - literally just pour it directly in to your pet’s favourite bowl! The CBD powders are a convenient way to add CBD into the mix when you are on the road or at home. They typically come in super convenient travel size pouches, not much larger than a sugar pack, so you can bring them on road trips, play-dates and hikes in yo pocket or carry-all.
General Guide for CBD Dosage & Usage for Pets
Top 5 things to consider when determining CBD dosing for pets

5 How much CBD should I give my pet?
To give your pets the proper CBD dosage, begin with a little quantity and gradually increase the dosage until the desired result is achieved. The safe CBD dosage for cats and dogs, according to Dr. Gary Ritcher, should be anywhere between one and five milligrammes per ten pounds of body weight. As a result, if your cat weighs 20 pounds, you should give her 2-10 mg of CBD, a 30-pound dog 3-15 mg, and so forth. Refer more specifically to the dosing instructions on the label of the CBD pet product you have selected.*Note this number varies from brand to brand, so be sure to follow the manufacturer dosing guidelines on the product labels.

CBD may be found in a variety of stores, both local and online, and in a variety of forms, the most popular of which is an oil. CBD oil extracts may be given to your pet in a variety of ways, including using a dropper, combining it with food or drink, or even putting it directly to their skin. Within half an hour, its effects should begin to manifest.

CBD for pets has been seldomly linked to minor adverse effects such as sleepiness, as well as uncommon occurrences of vomiting and skin irritation. If this happens to you, stop giving CBD to your pet and get additional advice from your veterinarian.

4 How do I give my pet CBD?
Choosing the optimal technique for giving CBD to your pet is based on a variety of factors and may need some study. CBD for dogs is now available as capsules, treats/edibles, tinctures, topical sprays, and other forms. Consider the condition you want to treat in your pet when choosing an administration route or delivery mechanism

If you have anxiety, nausea, or vomiting, for example, using a dropper to deliver the proper quantity of CBD oil orally is the best option. You can use a CBD topical spray, relaxing CBD balm or CBD pain stick to apply a sufficient amount of CBD oil to the afflicted region if your pet has skin sensitivities or irritation.

Topical applications have been demonstrated to decrease itching and pain for up to 6 hours at a time. You may also administer CBD to your pets by using CBD-infused foods such as biscuits or gummies, as by spreading CBD-infused paw balm on their paws for them to lick themselves. This last method works particularly well with cats.



3 Can my pet overdose on CBD?
Although your pet cannot overdose on CBD, giving too much to your pet might result in an unpleasant experience for both of you. To avoid this, start with the smallest dose possible and gradually increase it until you reach the smallest yet most effective dosage for your pet. Also, verify the contents of your drug because various brands have varying potencies and components.

THC should not be given to pets as a general rule. If your pet has been exposed to too much THC, CBD can be administered as an antidote to help alleviate some of the negative effects. If your pet does not recover from an overdose, get medical attention.

Many dogs with CBD overdose have static ataxia, which causes them to start tipping over when standing absolutely still and then stop themselves before striking the ground. Your pet's blood pressure may become unstable and he or she may be unable to feed if the overdose is severe. Though not lethal, overdosing your pet can create a lot of worry for both of you, not to mention a lot of money following a visit to the doctor. When giving CBD to dogs in the form of edibles, keep in mind that the effects might last up to 12 hours in their systems.

2 What are the basic dosing rules of CBD for pets?
Follow the dosing recommendations specific to the brand of CBd pet products you have purchased. There is fairly standardized math that applies based on the concentration of the different ingredients in the CBD remedy in relation to your pet’s body weight. Check out our dosing schedule from our ‘Oh To Be A Flea On The Wall’ blog, in the Fog Blog, for a print-ready dosing schedule that you carry on your phone or attach to a bulletin board at home.

If you are looking to boost immune function, improve the quality of life as your pet ages, reduce allergies and mild skin problems, increase appetite, and attend to minor stress & anxiety, moderate arthritis & joint inflammation or minor aches and pains, consider a lower dose, more periodically or as needed.

For chronic pain, severe arthritis and joint inflammation, mobility problems, epileptic seizures, cancer-related symptoms, tumours, severe anxiety, acute nausea, and vomiting, gradually increase the dose, and frequency of use.

Dosing at 8 hour intervals will help to manage your pet’s discomfort and inflammation. Allow 30 minutes before any event (such as fireworks, separation or a car ride) to manage anxiousness Give once to twice a day for all other purposes.

What ailments does CBD treat in pets?
There must be a reason you are considering CBD as a remedy for your pets. This could be because you have overheard success stories in your neighborhood chat groups, or through other pet-lovers alike. Maybe you just want to use CBD as a supplement to improve their overall quality of life, or perhaps you are aiming to treat a very specific condition.

Identifying your reasons for turning to CBD will guide you to the right product and delivery mechanism. With so many products on the market, it is worth coming in with an idea of what you are trying to accomplish for your pet, so that you can choose between the various CBD forms and types, and to make an informed decision on the optimum dosing schedule. Refer to our sections on delivery mechanisms and to our FAQ n CBD for pets to gain more insight.

The Top 10 Ways to give CBD to your Pets
Are CBD treats good for dogs?

CBD helps your dog's health by balancing all of the endocannabinoid system's activities. CBD oil can help your pet stay calm, maintain proper cardiovascular, immunological, and neurological function, and relieve discomfort. You may add additional nutritional and pet-friendly components to your treats by preparing them yourself. We vote yes - CBD treats are good for pets. Read further to discover recipes and ways to delivery CBD to your furry friend.

Quick tips for making CBD pet treats at home

If you're adding CBD oil to treats or giving it to your dog straight, be sure it's of excellent quality. Because not all CBD oils are made equal, it's critical to know what to look for when purchasing CBD oil for your four legged companion.

If all you desire is CBD in your dog's treats, pure CBD oil will suffice. A full-spectrum oil, on the other hand, contains additional beneficial cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes, and contributes to the entourage effect discussed in our FAQ section. CBD isolate may be a safe place to start, until you can monitor the effects over time.
Oils with higher than 0.3 percent THC should be avoided.
Tested in a laboratory. A Certificate of Analysis contains a detailed analysis on the CBD content as well as any contaminants. Check the labels or the manufacturer or brand website for further information if you do not have access to the COA
Choose CBD oil or Hemp CBD oil, NOT Hemp Seed Oil. While both are useful, hemp seed oil is made exclusively from the seeds of the hemp plant and does not include CBD. So pay close attention to the label.

Top 5 tricks of the trade for baking CBD edibles for pets

The last thing you want to do when baking with CBD is to degrade the plant ingredient and render it worthless. Here are a few things to know about baking with CBD oil before you add it to your mixing bowl.

5 The ideal oven temperature for CBD in baked dog treats is between 320°F and 356°F

Any temperature over 356°F causes the active CBD oil to evaporate.

4Infuse CBD oil into fat before adding it to your dog treat recipe. 

Cooking oil, coconut oil, or butter can all be used. Over low heat, combine the CBD hemp oil and the fat.

3Keep CBD baked products and no-bake sweets in an airtight container in a cold, dark location, such as the refrigerator.

2Flavored CBD oils should be combined with complementing substances for the greatest taste.

1 CBD edibles can be frozen without losing their strength, which is ideal if you want to bake in quantity and offer your dog treats a longer shelf life.


CBD Recipes For Dogs

CBD oil for dogs has several advantages, which is why so many dog owners purchase CBD dog treats for their pets. But did you know you can manufacture your own CBD-infused dog treats right at home? Below are a few simple CBD dog treat recipes.

Please keep in mind that the CBD oil measurements should be tailored to meet your dogs needs and for these recipes, are based on your dog taking one drop per day. Please refer to the dosing chart related to the CBD isolate you have acquired, and make any necessary adjustments to ensure the best dosing for your dog.

How should I use CBD when preparing homemade treats for my dog?

CBD oils, both in capsule form and in tinctures, may have a considerably higher potency, making them more difficult to administer to dogs that are picky eaters or to those that don't like oral applications. Baking CBD dog treats with CBD oil allows you to incorporate the benefits of CBD in to treats your dog will love, and the remedy can be disguised.

Phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and fatty acids are found in a few product lines and can help with phobias, joint pain, inflammation, digestive difficulties, movement, seizures, and anxiety. Make sure your dog isn't allergic to any of the components before using them in a recipe. Food allergies affect dogs in the same way they do humans, so it's important to be aware of the signs that might suggest a food allergy.

Try starting with a CBD isolate and monitor the effects on your dog. You can change the dosing, or graduate to full-spectrum CBD one you have peace of mind that he is responding well and not experiencing any adverse side effects.

When it comes to making CBD dog treats for your dog, knowing which CBD oil brand to use makes things a lot safer and easier. Here's what you need to know about CBD dog treats before you start creating them for your beloved friend:

Where possible, opt for ingredients that are organic and non-gmo
Start with a CBD isolate
Make use of just natural substances
Preservatives and synthetic colours should be avoided
Familiarize yourself with which substances are safe to use and which should be avoided Consult with a veterinarian if you are unsure
Chamomile and other calming herbs can be added
Turn to recipes that include your pets preferred ingredients


RECIPES


Frozen Yogurt and Sweet Potato Doggie Bliss Cubes
This is also a no-bake dish that is really simple to prepare. Mashed pumpkin can be substituted for the mashed sweet potato. These delectable ice cream delights are ideal for the hot summer days! The quantity of treats produced by this recipe is determined on the size of your moulds.

1 cup sweet potato, cooked and mashed
1 tbsp. coconut oil
½ cup plain yogurt
CBD oil (*refer to brand specific dosing guidelines for the amount to add)
Frozen Yogurt and Sweet Potato Bliss Cubes (continued)
Method:
In a large mixing bowl, combine the yogurt, sweet potato mash, and coconut oil. Make sure everything is well blended.
Fill silicone moulds or ice cube trays halfway with the mixture.
Add one to a few drops of CBD oil to each ice cube mould. *determine the amount by following the product dosing guidelines assuming you will be giving one treat to your dog per day.
Store frozen.


Pumpkin and Turmeric CBD Bombs for Dogs
Pumpkin offers several advantages for dogs, including the ability to soothe upset tummies. Add some vibrant turmeric and healing CBD to the mix, and you've got yourself a winner of a dog treat. This is ideal for the dog that enjoys a spicy treat.

Ingredients:
¾ cup pureed, cooked pumpkin
2 TBSP coconut oil, softened or warmed
Sprinkle of turmeric
A pinch of black pepper
⅓ - ½ cup coconut flour (or whole wheat flour if your dog tolerates it)
Rolled oats for a coating
CBD isolate oil (refer to the recommended dosing for your dog’s weight to determine quantity)
Pumpkin and Turmeric CBD Bombs for Dogs (continued)
Method:
Combine the CBD oil with the coconut oil.
Add to the pumpkin puree and mix in the spices.
Add the flour slowly. (The amount can vary depending on the moisture in the pumpkin.)
The dough may feel sticky but will firm up once chilled.
Roll desired portions into little bombs, according to the amount CBD used and how much CBD you would like per bombs.
Coat with the rolled oats.
Place on parchment paper and into the fridge to set.
These are no- bake and ready to eat when chilled

2) CBD-Enriched Peanut Butter Dog Biscuits
The benefits of CBD oil is combined with the pleasure of apple sauce and peanut butter in these dog treats. They'll be a hit with your four-legged buddies! Recipe makes 20 cookies.
Ingredients:
1 cup apple sauce*
½ cup peanut butter*
¼ cup coconut oil
3 cups flour
1 tsp. baking soda
CBD oil
*Ensure that the apple sauce and peanut butter don’t contain toxic preservatives or sweeteners. Be especially careful to avoid xylitol, a common sweetener that’s extremely toxic to dogs, even in small doses.

CBD-Enriched Dog Cookies with Peanut Butter (continued)
Method:

Preheat the oven to 350°F
In a mixing dish, combine the apple sauce, peanut butter, and coconut oil.
While stirring, add the baking soda and flour.
Mix everything together until it's completely smooth. It should ideally have a dough-like consistency. To alter the consistency, add more flour or a little water as needed.
Make tiny balls out of the dough. Alternatively, lay out the dough and divide it with cookie cutters. They should be roughly a quarter of an inch thick (half a centimetre thick).
A baking sheet should be lined with parchment paper or wax paper. Place the cookie dough on the baking sheet. Bake in pre-heated oven for 15 minutes.
Add the CBD oil to the cookies once they have totally cooled. Add one drop of CBD oil to each treat if your dog requires one drop per day. Allow the oil to seep into the cookies for a few minutes.
*note: The biscuits should be kept in an airtight container. Give your dog one of these CBD-enriched rewards per day, or two if they require more.

CBD Recipes For Cats

Is CBD beneficial for cats?

We all know about the various advantages of CBD for people, but it wasn't until lately that the craze of using this cannabinoid for cats gained on, so there isn't a lot of evidence to back it up. However, there are a few intriguing studies that appear to confirm that our canine companions may benefit from CBD in the same manner that people can. Because they have an endocannabinoid system that processes and interacts with cannabinoids in the same way that ours does.

Whether your cat has arthritis, a recent injury, chronic pain, behavioural difficulties, mental health concerns like melancholy or anxiety, or you simply want to do everything you can to keep them well, CBD can assist, either alone or in combination with other drugs given by a veterinarian.

Just remember that if your cat is currently on a prescription, other dietary supplements or has been diagnosed with a health problem, it's important to consult with your veterinarian before using CBD cat treats to ensure that they won't interfere with their current remedial program.


How do I determine how much CBD to put into homemade cat treats?

CBD has several health advantages for cats, and there are numerous ways to include this amazing tool into your cat's everyday routine. Homemade CBD cat treats are a fun way to give your cat her daily dose.

Homemade CBD snacks for cats are a fantastic option since you have total control over the dosage. Because you know precisely what's in your meals, homemade is always better for the whole family. When buying pre-packaged cat snacks, you should be careful of the ingredient list. Many store-bought cat snacks include fillers and artificial flavours. Making your own treats guarantees that you are only feeding your cat good, healthful stuff.
When you manufacture your CBD cat treat at home, you can also pick the strength. You pick whether you want the treats to be your cat's only daily CBD source or if you want to make them a lower strength so you may give him a couple throughout the day after determining the proper serving amount of CBD oil for him. Your cat should take the same quantity of CBD every day, regardless of the method. Best health practises, including CBD, require consistency.


RECIPES
Cheesy Crackers for Cats

1 cup shredded cheddar cheese (cheddar is a relatively low-lactose cheese, making it a good fit for cats)
¼ cup yogurt or goat milk yogurt
¾ cup flour
¼ cup cornmeal
¼ cup water or goat milk
CBD oil (follow brand/product specific dosing recommendations)

Cheesy Crackers for Cats (continued)
Method:
Preheat the oven to 350°F
Combine the cheese, yoghurt, and CBD oil in a mixing bowl, then add the dry ingredients (flour and cornmeal).
Gradually add a tablespoon of yogurt goat milk at a time until you have a workable dough.
Roll out the dough to a quarter-inch thickness.
Cut out squares about an inch wide.
Bake for about 25 minutes. You may need to adjust the cooking time for larger squares.
Let chill for 15-20 minutes before serving.

2) Sweet Potato and Chicken Treats for Cats
Making CBD cat treats is simple, and this next recipe may even be watered down and multiplied to be used as a full-time homemade cat food because the components are suitable for a feline diet. Plus, they smell and taste fantastic, so your pet will appreciate all of your extra work, making the chore entirely worthwhile in the end, even if you don't get the health benefits you're looking for from CBD.

Preparation: 10 minutes
Cooking: 10 minutes
Servings: 50- 100 treats (depending on size)

Ingredients:

1 medium chicken breast, unseasoned (cooked and shredded)
2 big sweet potatoes, cleaned (peeled, cooked, and mashed)
½ cup of cup flour made from coconut
½ cup coconut oil with CBD (approximately 10 mg CBD per teaspoon)
¼ cup of gelatin powder

Sweet Potato and Chicken Treats for Cats (continued)
Method:
Preheat the oven to 350°F
In a large mixing bowl, combine all ingredients and use a form to mix and press them together, making sure the meat and potato pieces are broken into little bite-sized chunks.
If your dough isn't as pliable as playdoh by this stage, add a little more coconut oil until it reaches a consistency that is simple to mould and work with.
The ingredients should be well mixed for even distribution of the CBD oil.
Roll the dough into cat treat-sized balls or shapes with your hands, making sure that all of the pieces are around the same size.
Place the dough portions on a cookie sheet and bake for 10-15 minutes, or until a lovely golden brown colour has developed.
Allow for complete cooling before giving the treats to your cat.

The Top 40 Most Common CBD for Pets FAQ
Our CBD for pets will give them the same CBD benefits as humans, whether they are dogs or cats. We've found the perfect natural support by combining all of the benefits of CBD oil with animal-friendly flavors. To show your pets how much you care, give them CBD in the form of a tasty treat, an easy-to-use tincture, or a chewable.

With a comprehensive suite of hemp-derived, THC free CBD products leveraging our unique manufacturing techniques, we've established the correct approach to administering ethically sourced CBD to dogs. Our selection of chewables, snacks, and tinctures will appeal to even the pickiest eaters, making it simple and practical to administer on a daily basis. The newest range of pet topicals is designed to help both young and aged animals relax. Believe us when we say that our CBD is safe for dogs and cats of all ages, for pets of all walks of life!


40 Can I give my pet CBD?

In short, yes. You can feed your pet CBD that was designed either specifically for them, or for humans. This is in part because people and dogs both have an endocannabinoid system which operates similarly in the same manner in dogs and cats as it does in humans. Be sure to adhere to dosing recommendations specified for your type of pet, their weight and their ailment.

39 Is there a CBD oil specifically for dogs?

CBD oils for dogs and other pets, such as cats and horses, are readily available online and in stores. Check out our Pets section for current offerings. As described in other sections, CBD benefits dogs in the same manner that it does humans. Pain, inflammation, nausea, vomiting, and anxiety can all be reduced with it. It can also assist with a variety of other health issues. This has been proven in studies, which is why dogs are given CBD oil and producers are creating CBD oils particularly with animal consumption in mind.


38 How does CBD Work in Pets?

The endocannabinoid system or ECS. Dogs and cats, like humans, have an endocannabinoid system that benefits from CBD oil whose active ingredients have been shown to alleviate numerous ailments. CBD treats, designed specifically with your four legged friends in mind, will certainly ease several conditions they may suffer from, either occasionally or chronically.

CBD interacts with the body via the endocannabinoid system, or ECS. The ECS is a biological system present in all animals that regulates memory, sleep, immune response, and other biological functions. It has two cannabinoid receptor types (CB1 and CB2). These receptors are for endocannabinoids (cannabinoids naturally produced by the brain). They can interact with plant-derived cannabinoids like CBD, causing a range of physiological reactions. When it comes to CBD, many of these reactions are favourable.

The endocannabinoid system processes cannabinoids that enter the body. Many of the conditions we will discuss below manifest much in the same way in pets as they do in humans.
A key lipid signalling system, the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) includes endogenous cannabinoids, their receptors, and metabolic enzymes that process and modulate numerous physiological activities in dogs and cats. Cannabidiol, one of the phytocannabinoids contained in CBD oil, can assist to compensate for endocannabinoid deficits.


37 What are Cannabinoids, endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids?

Endocannabinoids, synthetic cannabinoids, and phytocannabinoids are the three types of cannabinoids that bind to the cannabinoid receptors, which activate the ECS. Endocannabinoids also have functions beyond the central nervous system, including the immune system; they interact with the cannabinoid receptors. Phytocannabinoids are plant-based chemicals found in cannabis. Synthetic cannabinoids were developed to interact with the specifications of the ECS.

Cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabis receptor 2 (CB2) are two important cannabinoid receptors found throughout the body1. CB1 is a pain receptor identified in the brain, fat, liver, skeletal, and muscular tissues9. It is psychoactive, neuromodulatory, and a pain receptor located in the brain, fat, liver, skeletal, and muscular tissues9.

CB2 is a molecule that has anti-inflammatory properties and may be present in immune cells as well as in the CNS. CB2 is also important for immunological function. The cellular mechanisms and organ systems of the animal and human endocannabinoid systems are comparable. The distribution of CB1 receptors in dogs differs significantly from that in humans.

Canine species have more CB1 receptors in their hind brain regions (cerebellum, brain stem, and medulla oblongata) than humans, according to studies. THC binds to CB1 receptors more strongly. As a result of the high concentration of CB1 receptors in the cerebellum of canine species, THC causes a specific neurological activity known as static ataxia - an abnormal gait in which the dog is very unsteady on his feet.

Except for their anatomical location in the central nervous system and immune system, the CB1 and CB2 receptors are physically identical. When given, phytocannabinoids have been shown to promote ECS equilibrium by differential activation of CB1 and CB2 receptors found throughout the body system.

36 What does delivery mechanism mean in relation to CBD for pets?

Gone are the days (and the assumptions) that the only way to consume cannabis was through inhalation or smoking. While there is still the choice to ‘roll up and win’ with your medicine, or casually puff it back with a vape, we have yet to see these be the preferred method of consumption for pets, nor would we ever recommend offering this to them as an option - The Smoking Dog is a bistro, not a suggestion from your vet.

Pets, like their two legged counterparts, may be requiring fast acting pain relief to a targeted area, such as a sore leg muscle, whereby a transdermal delivery may be optimum, or they may be experiencing chronic anxiety or joint pain, where a daily edible makes the most sense. Determining which delivery mechanism is preferred will be somewhat influenced by the nature of the ailment itself.

Let us go into detail on the five (5) most common delivery mechanisms, to help you to gain knowledge and to make an informed decision for Buttercup. If you have been following through this, you may be getting frustrated by the use of stereotypes in pet names. If you are experiencing increased anxiety or restlessness as a result, feel free to try some of your pet’s new tinctures. You may be surprised how delicious the bacon drops are , and may bond while you both decompress. Ok- delivery mechanisms. The quick list is here and we expand on this in the following sections.


35 What is the difference between a CBD topical and a CBD tincture for pets?

A topical is applied dermally. A tincture is applied sublingually or added to meals and beverages. To objectively demonstrate therapeutic effectiveness, dosage ranges, and safety, well-controlled clinical studies have influenced the development of such medicines. Because of low oral bioavailability in the cannabis flower, other delivery routes such as transdermal, intranasal, and transmucosal absorption are gaining popularity.

Due to their high lipophilicity, cannabinoids are considered good candidates for sophisticated nanosized drug delivery systems that may be used in a variety of ways. In recent years, nanotechnology-based drug delivery methods have blossomed in a number of therapeutic sectors, with several medicines now reaching the market. There is more than likely a CBD type available today that will, with a little exploration, become the preferred delivery mechanism for your cat or dog.

Most pet parents will go to any extent to aid their beloved companions, and many are now considering medicinal cannabis as a way of pain treatment and wellness management. You may treat your dogs as you would yourself with specially prepared CBD tinctures now available on the market.

Animals, like humans, have an endocannabinoid system that allows them to benefit from cannabinoids like CBD. A CBD tincture can help pets with diseases including arthritis, cancer, seizures, anxiety, irritable bowel syndrome, inflammation, and low appetite, among others. It has even been shown to increase the quality of life of older animals.

34 Do I need a prescription for CBD from my veterinarian?

No. You can access a variety of CBD products formulated exclusively for pets, both online and increasingly in brick and mortar stores. Do your research. Understand what your reasons are for turning to CBD, from which ailments your pet is suffering, and whether you are most interested in a fast-acting product or a daily use dietary supplement. Always consult the manufacturer dosing schedule before administering any new supplements to your pet.

33 What does bioavailability mean?

Bioavailability, in a scientific sense, relates to how much CBD makes it into your bloodstream, where it can begin to stimulate your endocannabinoid system (ECS). In practise, this is why some types of CBD take longer to take effect or why some forms of CBD appear to be "stronger" or more fast acting than others.

Let's assume you could inject CBD directly into your circulation without going via any other organs. That technique would be 100 percent bioavailable, which means your body would absorb every milligramme of CBD in the recipe.

If you took the same quantity of CBD oil with meals, however, you might only absorb approximately half of it. That's a significant difference. It also implies that the method you take your CBD has an impact on the portion size you should take.

32 What factors affect bioavailability?

The important aspect to remember is that various types of CBD degrade in different ways. Eating CBD isn't as effective as injecting it straight into the bloodstream, though we do not recommend intravenous CBD for your pets, for any reason!

Without getting too scientific, the “filters” that CBD passes through on its journey to the bloodstream are the cause for the differences in bioavailability between various types of CBD.
When your dog consumes en edible for example, it is first broken down by his digestive tract, which then absorbs all of the nutrients and distributes them throughout the body.

However, because this process isn't perfect, not all of the nutrients and other substances in that premium CBD gummy will always make it through the digestive system. This implies that some CBD is also left behind. The leftover CBD must now travel via the liver, which serves as his bloodstream's primary filter. The liver, luckily for Fido (but sadly for CBD), is a powerful and aggressive filter, which means it won't let anything past without a struggle.

As a result, a large portion of the residual CBD is filtered out before it reaches your circulation and communicates with your ECS. This may be why we are seeing growing interest in nano-CBD for pets and humans alike.



31 Why does bioavailability matter when choosing a CBD product for my pet?

The important aspect to remember is that various types of CBD degrade in different ways. We saw in the last case that eating CBD isn't as effective as injecting it straight into the bloodstream. Now we'll figure out why it happens.Without getting too scientific, the “filters” that CBD passes through on its journey to the bloodstream are the cause for the differences in bioavailability between various types of CBD.

When you consume anything, for example, it is first broken down by your digestive tract, which then absorbs all of the nutrients and distributes them throughout the body.However, because this process isn't perfect, not all of the nutrients and other substances in food will always make it through the digestive system. This implies that some CBD is also left behind.

The leftover CBD must now travel via the liver, which serves as your bloodstream's primary filter. The liver, luckily for you (but sadly for CBD), is a powerful and aggressive filter, which means it won't let anything past without a struggle.

As a result, a large portion of the residual CBD is filtered out before it reaches your circulation and communicates with your ECS.


30 Which has greater bioavailability - CBD oil or CBD tincture?

When compared to CBD oil, CBD tinctures have a greater bioavailability. Because tinctures contain alcohol, this is the case. It acts as a preservative, extending the shelf life of CBD. Water-soluble CBD tinctures can also be used in cooking if you prepare your pets food at home, or should you choose to add these tinctures directly to their food bowls. CBD tinctures for pets enable a faster rate of absorption.

In comparison to oil, the CBD ratio in tincture is lower. It is primarily due to the addition of additional ingredients to improve flavour. The following are some of the ingredients often added: Essential vitamins such as B12, D, C, and others; water; herbs; melatonin; natural sweeteners;
essential oils such as chamomile and lavender; and natural flavours including bacon (a canine delicacy) and salmon (a feline favourite).

Your cat will absolutely love the salmon tinctures- there are truly reminiscent of a cedar plank salmon from that one summer BBQ, where a precious little sliver of sockeye fell off the grill into your pet’s path. The lucky guy. Straight from the source. Easy to digest- yes, and CBD tinctures are pretty comparable. CBD oil can be ingested using the vape method (so not as pet friendly), while tincture can be easily ingested by mixing in food or drinks, due to its alcohol base, and it facilitates quick absorption when taken sublingually.

​​Despite the fact that CBD is non-intoxicating, dosage for these tinctures should be carefully considered. In animals, CBD can induce sleepiness, as well as a handful of uncommon adverse effects including mild vomiting and itching, so start small and work your way up until you discover the perfect dose to relieve any discomfort. Consult a veterinarian, and if feasible, try to find one that is open-minded about cannabis as a potential therapy and has direct experience with the advantages of CBD for pets.


29 What exactly is the entourage effect?

Full-spectrum CBD is frequently preferred over CBD isolation because studies demonstrate that cannabinoids and terpenes coexist in nature and interact in beneficial ways. The entourage effect is a type of synergy that is considered to provide CBD a broader range of health advantages to our furry friends. However, even low traces of THC can create adverse reactions in pets, so it is recommended to begin with CBD isolates

Ethan Russo, M.D. conducted a study that demonstrated the advantages of terpenes in full spectrum CBD, with promising outcomes for a range of ailments. The terpenes pinene, myrcene, and caryophyllene, for example, can assist with anxiety, while mixing terpenes linalool and limonene with cannabigerol (a lesser-known cannabinoid) has shown promise in treating bacterial infections.

The terpenes linalool and limonene, when combined with CBD, even provide effective therapies for dermatologic applications. This research may demonstrate that broad spectrum CBD could provide a more holistic, full-body experience for both humans and pets alike. Another Israeli research comparing the efficacy of CBD isolate against full spectrum CBD found that full spectrum CBD was better in clinical settings for inflammation and anxiety.

Pure CBD elicited a "bell-shaped dosage response," meaning that when the quantity of CBD increased beyond a specific threshold, its therapeutic effect decreased substantially. Fortunately, we offer a range of products to explore, through which you can personally monitor the improvements in the quality of life of your pet.

This isn't to say, however, that CBD isolate isn't beneficial. CBD isolate is used by certain people who are sensitive to THC and want to benefit from the cannabis plant without the euphoric side effects. Users may also check, and perhaps more closely monitor, just how much CBD they're getting from each dosage with CBD isolates. This is particularly relevant when choosing a product for your pet. Look for brands that provide literature on how to determine the best dosing schedule for them, or, since you are already here, click on the pink CBD dosing bubble at the top of this section.


28 What are the beneficial chemicals found in cannabis?

Full-spectrum CBD includes small amounts of all of the compounds listed below, including THC. By comparison, broad-spectrum CBD removes THC, while CBD isolate removes everything except CBD.

Cannabinoids
CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol are two of the more than 100 cannabinoids (THC). The therapeutic and psychotropic effects of cannabis products are due to CBD and THC.
Terpenes
The aroma of cannabis is influenced by more than 150 terpenes (think: what makes an orange smell citrusy). They may also be beneficial to your health (think: how lavender has a calming effect).
Flavonoids
There are roughly 20 distinct flavonoids in cannabis. Flavonoids may be found in a wide variety of plants, including fruits, vegetables, cereals, and other grains. They, like terpenes, have medicinal properties. The flavonoids contained in cannabis have been shown in studies to have anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and neuroprotective effects.

27 What is the best way to administer CBD to a pet?

CBD oil may be administered to a dog in a variety of ways. The technique you use is determined by your dog's needs as well as the items accessible to you. CBD for dogs is available in a variety of forms, including CBD oil, CBD-infused dog treats, and CBD-infused topical treatments.

If your dog has trouble taking medicine, CBD-infused dog treats may be useful. Many brands provide nutritious snacks that are made with healthy, delectable ingredients. You may also manufacture your own CBD-infused dog treats in the comfort of your own home. Check out some of our recipes in the CBD Ideas for Pets section on our site.

CBD-infused topical therapies including lotions, gels, and balms can help with skin problems and sore regions. If your dog, for example, injures his knee, rubbing CBD-infused gel into the afflicted region can rapidly relieve the pain. Applying a soothing CBD balm to sensitive skin might also help to alleviate the rash's appearance.

CBD oil, on the other hand, is one of the most convenient delivery techniques. Try this approach if you're wondering how to get CBD oil into your pet's mouth:

Have your pet sit right in front of you.
Make sure your pet is as comfortable and peaceful as can be. *a great effect of the CBD.
Drop the right amount of droplets into his mouth, preferably under the tongue (sublingually), by gently opening his mouth.
Give him a treat and plenty of compliments. This will make him eagerly anticipate his next dose.

Your dog will get accustomed to this routine over time, making it easier for you to administer the remedy. If your pet refuses to take CBD oil drops sublingually, you can add easily add CBD oil directly to his diet by adding it into his food bowl. Make sure he consumes all of it by thoroughly mixing it in.



26 What effects does marijuana have on animals?

Cannabis products are toxic to animals due to high levels of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) in plants or plant-based diets. THC toxicity is considered to be 4 to 6 times more common in dogs than in people.

25 What should I do if my dog or cat eats marijuana or treats containing marijuana?

The best approach is to keep the goods secure and out of reach of pets. Because these products are toxic to animals, if an animal ingests them, contact your veterinarian right once.

24 What are the general reactions of animals to CBD?

While there is less research on the advantages of CBD products for animals, many people have used them to help their pets live a happier life. If you're considering trying this product, make sure it's of acceptable quality and reaches or exceeds the CBD levels allowed by law.

23 Is it possible to use these goods with my cat?

Yes, Both dogs and cats can benefit from these products.

22 What is the Best Way to Give CBD to Dogs and Cats?

The amount of CBD consumed varies with species, size, and form. Starting with the smallest measurement and monitoring your pet's improvement is recommended. It's suggested that you stick to a CBD regimen for at least 30 days to achieve optimal wellbeing. If you don't get the desired benefits after a few days, gradually increase the daily serving size. Pet-Friendly Properties of CBD from Birch + Fog: We combine the Superior Broad Spectrum CBD molecule found in our high-quality human products with aromas and textures that your cat or dog will like. You may tailor your CBD for dogs program to your pet's size and needs with our wide range of dosages and concentrations.

21 What is the typical CBD dosage for dogs and cats?

If you find a CBD product that matches your needs and want to give it a shot, start with a low dose and gradually increase it to see what works best for your pet. In general, 0.5 to 2 milligrams per kilogram of your pet's weight is recommended for osteoarthritis treatment, although this can vary depending on your pet's needs, health, and species (cats would likely require a little greater dose than dogs due to their faster metabolism). For conditions including seizures, osteoarthritis, and persistent anxiety, we recommend giving your pet a CBD dose twice a day. For acute anxiety induced by vehicle travels or fireworks, give it to your pet a few hours before the event and again shortly after — just make sure to try it out a few times beforehand to acquire the right quantity. And, regardless of what ailment you're trying to treat or how your veterinarian feels about CBD, it's vital to let them know if you're giving your pet CBD, especially if you're using it for a long time. It's a good idea to keep an eye on your pet and have blood work done if he or she is taking a supplement or a prescription (such as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine), and CBD products and supplements are no exception. Bottom line: When it comes to your personal health and well-being, proceed with caution. Pets are, after all, family members.

20 Is it possible for pets to get a CBD overdose?

CBD has no known toxicity thresholds and, when used as directed, is unlikely to cause an overdose.

19 Do the CBD pet products from Birch + Fog contain full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD?

All of our CBD products for pets include the same Superior Broad Spectrum CBD ingredient as our CBD products for people. As a result, all of our veterinarian-formulated CBD for pets is prepared with high-quality hemp extracts and plant terpenes derived from hemp grown in Canada, then thoroughly tested in ISO-certified labs for THC-free* purity.

18 Is it safe for pets to use CBD supplements alongside other medications?

While CBD is harmless for pets, it may interfere with the efficiency of several medications. The effects of CBD on over-the-counter and prescription drugs are still being investigated. Please see your veterinarian if you have any concerns about introducing CBD into your pet's daily wellness routine or if there is a danger of drug interactions.

17 Is it possible to provide CBD to pets that was actually made for humans?

Our Superior Broad Spectrum CBD compound, which is safe for both people and pets, is the foundation of all Birch + Fog CBD products. Our CBD for dogs and cats, on the other hand, was developed by a veterinarian utilizing pet-safe ingredients in every tincture, ointment, and treat to support their health and provide the finest results. Although CBD in the form of high-quality hemp extracts and terpenes gives the same benefits to dogs as it does to humans, it is always best to use products designed specifically for dogs to ensure quality, safety, and effectiveness.


16 What can CBD do for my dog or cat?

CBD for dogs is made up of exceptional hemp extracts that offer the same benefits to dogs as they do to humans. The endocannabinoid system, which is prevalent in both humans and pets, interacts with CBD. CBD may have a similar beneficial effect on both due to their similar physiologies. CBD's strong properties, which help to build balance throughout the body, may benefit pets in need of wellness assistance, extra relaxation, or a daily health boost. Visit our blog to learn which CBD product is best for your pet.

15 What are the advantages of using CBD

supplements for my dog or cat?
CBD for dogs is meant to support your cat or dog's overall health, produce a sense of relaxation, and aid in the management of signs of everyday stress or discomfort. CBD is being given to pets by a growing number of pet owners for everyday health and stress alleviation. Owners have reported positive results for common problems like separation difficulty and, in some cases, even noise aversion.

14 Why are there various CBD concentrations for pets?

CBD oil tinctures, nibbles, and chews are available in various CBD strengths for pets. Serving recommendations for each of our veterinarian-formulated products are dependent on the amount of CBD in the product and your pet's weight. Because each pet is unique, it's vital to provide the proper amount of food for the best results. We recommend that you choose the proper miligram (mg) choice for your dog or cat and follow the recommended dosing guidelines for each product.

13 Is CBD going to make my pet "stoned" or "high"?

CBD will not make your pet feel euphoric. CBD, or cannabidiol, is included in our Broad Spectrum CBD and other hemp extracts. CBD and THC are non-psychoactive cannabinoids that don't give you the "high" that marijuana and the more well-known cannabinoid THC do. Birch & Fog uses industrial hemp grown in the United States that has been carefully bred to contain less than 0.3 percent THC. We also adhere to strict production guidelines to ensure that our products have undetectable THC levels, and each batch is thoroughly tested in third-party ISO-certified labs to assure purity and quality.

12 CBD is typically produced from which plant in pet supplements?
CBD in cannabis pet supplements is usually extracted from hemp, a kind of cannabis with naturally low levels of THC, the psychoactive element found in marijuana. CBD looks to be non-psychoactive and safe for use on dogs as a result.

11 Do veterinarians advise their customers to take CDB?

While CBD research for humans and pets is still ongoing, a veterinarian's decision to recommend CBD for your pets is based primarily on their discretion and personal understanding of the products. Regardless of your veterinarian's stance on CBD, if you have any concerns about starting or continuing a daily CBD regimen for your dog or cat, we strongly advise consulting with your pet's primary healthcare provider.

10 Is The Anti-Cruelty Society using CBD for its animals?

The Society has utilized CBD oil to help alleviate anxiety in some animals. Product use will be based on identifying the best quality in order to have the greatest impact. The society is closely working with Society doctors to monitor the results of field experiments to see if the product will help animals live longer and better lives.

9 So, how useful is CBD in the treatment of pets?

CBD products aren't backed by all veterinarians, and they're not regulated by the FDA, but that doesn't mean they're completely ineffectual - or hazardous. Based on a few published trials, CBD appears to be useful in decreasing pain scores in dogs with osteoarthritis. A small Cornell University study on 16 dogs with osteoarthritis discovered that a daily dose of CBD oil reduced pain and improved activity. CBD oil was observed to lower the frequency of seizures in puppies with epilepsy in another investigation. Instead of full-spectrum or broad-spectrum options, the majority of research have used CBD-only formulas with a single component. There hasn't been any randomized, controlled clinical studies in dogs and cats to look at these signs, but anecdotal evidence suggests that CBD can aid. According to a 2018 study published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 22 percent of 833 veterinarians polled thought CBD products were "extremely beneficial" in treating anxiety in dogs, while another 65 percent thought they were "somewhat helpful." According to the same poll, 61 percent of 379 vets said CBD products were “somewhat effective” in addressing storm or fireworks phobias. (See also: I Was a Complete Skeptic of CBD Until It Helped My Anxiety)

8 Are There Any CBD Side Effects in Pets?

Unless you're using extremely large amounts (i.e. 20 or 30 to 100 milligrams per kilogram twice a day) for a long time, there are contraindications to consider before feeding your pet CBD. CBD products may cause your pet to have some unpleasant side effects, such as loose feces or gastrointestinal irritation, however they are not life-threatening. And, similar to how you would feel tired after popping a melatonin gummy, your pet may feel lethargic after taking CBD, although this is usually only a brief side effect that fades after a few sessions. If your pet has a heart condition, however, you should utilize isolate CBD products rather than full-spectrum CBD products containing THC because the mind-altering component might cause an increase in heart rate. Furthermore, CBD products change how the liver metabolizes other medications, which could have significant side effects if your pet is already taking anti-seizure or pain medication – something to keep in mind if you're using CBD to treat your pet's epilepsy or arthritis. CBD for dogs may make people feel tired, at the very least. CBD has been observed to raise liver enzyme levels in mice, signaling that it may inflame or damage liver cells, according to the Cleveland Clinic. If your pet has liver problems, he advises that you stay away from CBD pet products. All of these potential side effects and drug interactions underline the significance of consulting or at the at least notifying your veterinarian before starting any supplement regimen, CBD or otherwise, to ensure you're not causing more harm than good to your pet.

7 What Should You Look for in a CBD Supplement for Your Pet?

Reminder: Because CBD pet products aren't regulated by Health Canada, you'll have to conduct your own research to figure out what's in them if you're looking for a good bargain on another website. The first step is to look for the company's Certificate of Analysis on the internet, which will show the exact amount of CBD, THC, heavy metals (think: lead, mercury, and arsenic found in the soil the hemp was grown in), and pathogens like E.Coli and salmonella (which could have transferred from any organic fertilizers used) in the product. If any of the hazardous chemical levels exceed the legal limit (in this case, the online certificate will say "no pass"), or if the CBD concentrations mentioned in the certificate differ from what's advertised on the container, you should avoid the product. CBD pet products that make medical claims on their labels, websites, ads, or other materials, such as claims that it will cure epilepsy or cancer, should be avoided because no such claim has been scientifically proven. Apart from CBD's safety for pets, we advocate feeding your pet a treat or mixing a tincture with food (rather than applying it topically) because studies have shown that this strategy has the best absorption and thus efficacy.

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